Research

ECU Research Projects Funded by NC, HB 1043 – 2020 COVID-19 Recovery Act

Eastern North Carolina (ENC) population health and mapping project

 (UMCIRB 20-001299)

The three aims of this project are to:  

  1. identify statistically significant clusters (hot spots) of COVID-19 cases and explore the associations with various health-related variables using advanced spatial statistical methods;
  2. develop a geographic mapping tool to identify high-risk populations to inform vaccine allocation and delivery;
  3. deliver a user-friendly, interactive, web-based mapping and data visualization dashboard to inform healthcare providers, health departments, and the public regarding COVID-19 related issues in ENC.

Collaborators: ECU, Vidant Health, Dartmouth Atlas Project, ESRI

Dartmouth Atlas Project

Examining differences in COVID-19-related emergency department visits among rural populations in NC

(UMCIRB 20-002847)

The primary aim of this project is to describe and analyze data for the general population that had an emergency department visit with COVID-19-like illness (CLI) and/or influenza-like illness (ILI) in a reporting North Carolina healthcare facility between January and November 2020. This project seeks to identify patterns and trends of COVID-19, particularly in rural ENC.

Collaborators: ECU, RTI Inc., NC DHHS, NC DETECT

Dartmouth Atlas Project

Predictors of COVID-19-related cases and deaths in nursing homes in the United States

The aim of this secondary data analysis project is to evaluate predictors of COVID-19- related cases and deaths in nursing homes across the United States using publicly available Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) data. This project seeks to estimate potential risk factors for COVID-19 in nursing homes.

Collaborators: ECU, Vidant Health, Heather Robinson, PhD, St. Martins, UK

COVID-19: An educational intervention and assessment among staff working in nursing homes

(UMCIRB 20-002592)

The overall goal of this project is to deliver an interactive online training curriculum designed to address concerns about the spread of COVID-19 within long-term care and nursing facilities. This project seeks to improve knowledge and behaviors of employees in nursing homes and reduce the spread of COVID-19.

Collaborators: ECU, Vidant Health, Eastern Area Health Education Center (E AHEC), participating nursing homes and long-term care facilities in ENC

Dartmouth Atlas Project

SWARM: A regional health system’s intervention approach to COVID-19 outbreaks in nursing and adult care homes in rural ENC

(UMCIRB 20-001267)

This project seeks to implement a regional, community-engaged intervention model to assist nursing and adult care homes in reducing or preventing outbreaks and risks associated with COVID-19 in rural ENC.

Collaborators: ECU, Vidant Health

Pitt County ComPACT study (phases I and II)

(UMCIRB 20-001240; UMCIRB 20-001427)*

This two-phase study aims to recruit, test, and evaluate a sample of Pitt County residents on COVID-19-related impacts, including behavior, health, well-being, and symptoms.

Collaborators: ECU, Pitt County Health Department
*This project was funded by NC DHHS.

Dartmouth Atlas Project

Community Engagement Research

Successful distribution of a vaccine requires accountability for the process by which the vaccine is distributed. This requires intentional involvement with vulnerable populations to improve the quality of care provided to everyone, manage the gap between the health and well-being of vulnerable and non-vulnerable populations, and judiciously utilize scarce resources. To this end, the team initiated the Community Voices in COVID-19 research project with the goal of assessing community confidence in the vaccine and the root causes of vaccine hesitancy. A more complete description of the project can be found in the Policy and Practice section of this website.

Acquisition and dissemination of information

The value of academic research is both the timely gathering of credible data and the dissemination of information that impacts action and furthers future research. The Ethical Vaccine Distribution Team has conducted and submitted the following data gathering and dissemination activities:

Creation of ethical principles and COVID-19 database